Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 62 1 , 57-68. They also propose that delinquent behavior is produced in the seeking of pleasure and immediate gratification, usually with no regards for future consequences or punishments. A Big T positive personality can find thrills in physical or mental activities. The Arousal-Seeking Behavioral Theory has been popular in aspects of both psychology and sociology. From the clearly outrageous antics shown on the Jackass television series and movies, to the urge we all have for complex and exciting experiences, sensation seeking is a personality trait that can result in either harmless fun or potentially serious trouble.
Sensation seeking is both a personality trait and a motive, and it has a strong genetic component. Sensation seeking and participating in sporting activities. Testing differences between nested covariance structure models: Power analysis and null hypotheses. Regressional analyses showed about a fifth of the variance could be accounted for by personality and demographic variables. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. The purpose of the study was to determine the location of emotional and motivational traits within three major dimensions of personality.
Other biological traits appear to be important in addition to high sensation seeking personality traits Zuckerman, 2006. Human personality traits which can be reliably measured by any of a number of rating scales, show a considerable heritable component. Individual differences in one's biological composition explain why some individuals prefer more stimulation than others do. Advances in Alcohol and Substance Abuse. The direct and indirect mechanisms by which impulsivity influences alcohol-related outcomes are consistent with the hallmark of impulsivity, often viewed as a preference for quick action and disregard for the long-term negative consequences. Sensation seeking and impulsivity are among the most stable and strong personality correlates of alcohol involvement in this population e.
Alpha reliabilities were acceptable for the two questionnaires. Also in line with the , theory, however not tested previously, sensation seeking was expected to impact alcohol-related problems via social motives and level of alcohol use because social interactions can provide positive arousal. Moreover, the direct impact of impulsivity on alcohol-related problems could be explained by the tendency to disregard possible negative consequences of drinking e. Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing Company. A twin study performed by Donna Miles, Marianne Van hljjylg hc l;x;Den Bree, Anne Gupman, and other researchers showed that while genetic factors had a strong influence in some personality traits, such as risk-taking, environmental and family factors had a great influence on others, such as sexual promiscuity; for marijuana use, environmental and genetic factors have proven to be equally important 2001. Finally, unlike for males, alcohol-related problems for females are more strongly linked to the levels of alcohol use.
These studies showed a stronger reaction to novel stimuli and a greater cortical response to high-intensity stimuli in high sensation seekers, and more cortical inhibition in response to high-intensity stimuli in low sensation seekers. By then using the risk-motivational cycle to further develop his skill, and therefore intrinsic motivations, Honnold is able to continue to partake in high risk activity, with strong perceptions of control, based on his skill development. This chapter explores the positive and negative effects of sensation seeking as a motivating factor for engagement in rock climbing activities. Sensation Seeking Definition Sensation seeking is a personality trait defined by the degree to which an individual seeks novel and highly stimulating activities and experiences. Puzzled at the incongruity, Zuckerman then found out what was behind it: Some participants had supposedly experienced hallucinations during prior sensory-deprivation experiments conducted by other scientists, according to newspaper reports. Higher scores on Disinhibition were also associated with greater chess experience. Most of the influence of impulsivity on alcohol-related problems was mediated by coping motives 65% and some of the effect was direct 35%.
In some cases, part of the variance was due to domains being different from the main one. Murphy, 1947 , as well as a variety of arousal theories e. The participants, 260 college students, were given self-report measures of risky behaviors in each of the six areas and the Zuckerman- Kuhlman five-factor personality questionnaire. Please take a moment to reflect upon which item you prefer from the following media pairs. Between 2009 and 2012, roughly 1,000 publications appeared each year.
Moreover, the study demonstrated robustness of the results across gender, with only two relationships differing between males and females. Also, based on the theory of impulsivity as a failure to regulate one's behavior and a preference for quick action ; , individuals elevated on the trait of impulsivity may be prone toward quick and easy ways of coping with everyday distress e. These measures were chosen because of their more focused conceptualization of these traits as compared to other measures, which tend not to distinguish sensation seeking from impulsivity very well. Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. The utility of novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and expectancy in the prediction of drinking.
Sensation seeking: Beyond the optimal level of arousal. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th ed. The findings indicate that alcohol prevention and intervention programs should be tailored to specifically target individuals elevated on impulsivity versus sensation seeking. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 2008. Personality psychology has contributed much to identifying the important dimensions of personality, but relatively little to understanding the biological sources of those dimensions. In both samples, the Sensation Seeking Scale Form V and, particularly, the Experience Seeking sub-scale were associated with a factor contrasting liking for hard rock music and violentabstract art with liking for neutralrealistic art and easy listening music. Sensation seeking: A new conceptualization and a new scale.