Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. It is acceptable to use another standard size, such as 11-point or 11. Electronic Submission There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers. The Catcher in the Rye. Creating the Entries The full citation entries run along the left side of the paper, along the one inch margin.
Issue number Year : Page number range. Notice that the period is on the outside of the parentheses, not at the end of the quote itself. Set the Margins Set the top and bottom margins at one inch and the left and right margins at one inch. Begin the reference with the last name of the individual, add a comma, and add the first name of the author. The efficient form, 354-59, may also be used. This is different from inline quotes, below.
Where can the reader find that information? Images For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed. Paraphrases Paraphrases are created when text or speech from another source are added into a project, but the writer chooses to summarize them and weave in his or her own writing and writing style. Try looking in the settings area where page numbers or headers can be added or modified. Paper Choice While many professors, instructors, and publications allow electronic submission, some prefer printed, hard copies of papers. Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in bold.
To develop a well-written paraphrase, follow these simple, step-by-step instructions. Margins Use one-inch margins around the entire page. Titles Capitalization Titles should be written in title case format. With capacity for over 30,000 prisoners in 43 facilities, the state of Texas has privatized more of its prison system than any state in the nation McDonald and Patten Jr. It is not necessary to use resume paper. The information in this example will correspond to an entry in the Works Cited section at the end of the paper formatted as follows: AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. On 2007, click the expand button under paragraph.
Binding Some professors or instructors will provide guidance on how to secure hard copies of projects. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay. See section 6 of this guide to learn how to properly attribute your paraphrased information. Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. The rules here are simple. This means that the first letter in the first word, the first letter in the last word, and the first letters of all important words are capitalized.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. All paraphrases include references, similar to direct quotes. It needs to be the opening part of your work and it should be included in the essay outline — most commonly, all capital letters are used for the thesis statement in the outline. Numbers Use of Numerals If the project calls for frequent use of numbers such as a scientific study or statistics , use numerals that precede measurements. You can also export it too, if you wish. A reference page is a list of sources that are included in the body of a research paper or project. After that phrase, insert in brackets, the page number in the work referred to from which the information is drawn.
How to Create an Individual Works Cited Entry Exactly what goes into each item in your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. The information provided in the reference supplies the reader with enough information to seek out the original source themselves, if he or she would like. Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary. They are the creators of the , which is a commonly used style to create references. Looking for information about previous editions to the Handbook? It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. Private prisons now hold 95,522 inmates in this country, which is 6. They are equivalent in this case.
Here's the format: LastName Blank Line Blank Line Page Number Make sure that you know the specific requirements of your paper when setting page numbers because sometime a number is not required on the first page. Document Settings Your word processor comes with default settings margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and typeface that will likely need adjustment. This is different from block quotes, above. In 2005, the default size is 11. Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.
Date of original publication: If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. The entries are listed in alphabetical order by the title of the source since the first positions are the same. Like all other sections of the assignment, paragraphs should be double spaced. They should never be simply satisfied with the status quo. This is called an in-text or parenthetical citation. See also our on the. When it comes to paraphrases, writers are able to take a block of text and shrink the scope of it into the their papers.
Included in the above reference is the full name of the author Dan Brown , the title of the source The DaVinci Code , the publisher of the book Knopf Doubleday , and the year the book was published 2003. If the illustration or visual image does not enhance the quality of the paper, do not include it in the project. Add a double space beneath your name, and type the name of your instructor. When you submit your paper, be sure to keep a secure copy. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table. The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration.