By bringing examples of these great rivers of the world, the poet tries to justify that as freedom is natural to the rivers it should be natural to all the human species irrespective to their race, color and culture. The Negro Speaks of Rivers by Langston Hughes is a lyric poem in free verse. Rather than one human relationship to rivers emerging as true or primary, each of these associations intertwine. So then, if poetry speaks to the soul, then no work from the time could ever fall upon deaf ears. The Negro is the speaker in the poem. These ancient rivers in the poem are like veins and roots, because they provide the nurturing sustenance that supports life. This metaphor is present to show the reader how he has basically seen it all; he is experienced; he wants to tell the nation what he knows.
From this short debut poem, however, readers could already see that Hughes had the potential to become an influential voice in American literature. The Analyzing of two different poems A Black Man Talks of Reaping by Arna Bontemps and A Negro Speaks of Rivers by Langston Hughes helps us better understand the difficulties in Harlem during the 19th century. He must be one ancient man, because he has been around for thousands of years. However, again the speaker is placing themselves in the mythological line — they have been appended to the myth. Hughes also shows the manner in which the speaker in the poem is proud of the African legacy. He sees slavery as a horrible and ugly thing to happen, but as it passed and slavery ended, America became beautiful because of the shared history between the races. This section contains 632 words approx.
In this way, he is essentially explaining the level of importance that his generation has based on the effect past generations had on the world. The Negro recounts the joy of his people being reflected in the waters of Mississippi. He makes a reference to a creation story by emphasizing that the rivers are as old as the world, but actually older than humanity. Langston was fascinated with Carl Sandburg and Paul Dunbar. Death is one of the main themes in the poem, although it is subtle.
Then he explains to us just how that transformation took place. Something came to his mind and he pulled out an envelope from his pocket. British whites in Oakfield were persuaded that it was time to get back their rights from the Muslims. This poem is written in free verse, and seems, at first glance, to be very unstructured. Since his mom moved around a lot during his early life. He and the rivers have become one. Despite Hughes's relative lack of real-world experience, the work embodies a wisdom and cultural awareness far beyond the poet's years.
Moving by suggestion, by naming particular rivers and particular activities performed nearby, the poem implicates the whole history of African and American slavery without ever articulating the word. Langston Hughes was a novelist, fiction, poet, playwright and fiction writer. He is the son of James and Carrie Hughes, but they would later divorce after his birth. Composed when Hughes was a mere 17 years old, and dedicated to W. This analogy is because a river exemplifies characteristics that can be ultimately damaging or explicitly peaceable. When Jessie Fauset, literary editor of The Crisis, first read the poem, she showed it to W. It is interesting that the author puts the knowledge in the past tense.
With modernism and the invention of new things like the television, Americans One of his earliest poems, The Negro Speaks of Rivers, was written in 1921, long before Hughes would actually travel the world. By using many allusions, the context of which Hughes wants to draw attention to is evident. The black man has seen the rise and fall of civilizations from the earliest times, seen the splendor and death-changes of the world over the thousands of years, and will survive even this America. The angle of the sun on the muddy water is like the angle of a poet's vision, which turns mud into gold. Rivers are the earthly symbols of eternity: deep, constant, mystifying.
In the poems 'The Negro Speaks of Rivers' and 'Mother To Son', Langston Hughes uses symbolism to convey his meaning of the poems to the readers. The harsh racial discrimination he encountered, along with the experience granted to him by his diverse heritage, essentially shaped every aspect of his life. This metaphorical use of the river as a creation or life-giving metaphor becomes obvious when he states that his soul has become as deep as the river. Although Langston Hughes has a complicated relationship with his father it led him to write one of the most well-known novels that gave him recognition: Negro Speaks of Rivers. He tells us again that he has known lots of ancient, dusky rivers, and that his soul has become as deep as these rivers.
The black man has drunk of their life-giving essences, and thereby borrowed their immortality. Both Arna Bontemps and Langston Hughes are African Americans living in Harlem expressing their deepest feelings about Harlem and how their fellow African-American friends are being taken advantage of. Most of the consonants-- d's, n's, l's, s'sare soft, and of the vowels, long o's reoccur, contributing by sound the effect of an ancient voice. Langston Hughes father moved to Mexico. Bontemps, in A Black Man Talks of Reaping, expresses all her thoughts more towards a person; although, Hughes, in A Negro Speaks of Rivers, expresses his thoughts and feelings more towards the nation and its people. Hughes was travelling to see his father.
By singing of them, Langston Hughes celebrates Afro-American culture and heritage. When the Euphrates flows from eastern Turkey southeast and southwest into the Tigris, it recalls the rise as well as the fall of the Roman Empire. Congo is a another historically important river in Africa that the Negro mentions in his song. It was published in 1921 in the journal the Crisis, which had a predominantly African American readership. Within thirteen lines and five stanzas, through the suggestion of wisdom by anagoge, we re-project ourselves into aboriginal consciousness. Showing that African-Americans have very rich traditions and have been more places then you would think.
Copyright © 1995 by the President and Board of Fellows of Harvard College. Jean Wagner Hughes's first poem, published in The Crisis in June, 1921, attracted the attention it did precisely because its author revealed the acute sensitivity to the racial past that Garvey, with his racial romanticism, was then trying to instill in the minds of all. Telling of how Black people have played a key role throughout history. Times have changed but our connection is still the same. African-Americans and Hughes decide they are going to look at their own history and their own framework and be who they want to be. Finishing this section of lines, he mentions how the muddy waters of the Mississippi turn golden in the sunset; the idea that something so dirty and ugly in the light can grow beautiful in time is a metaphor that can be applied to many things.