Materials Used The magnificent edifice is bounded on three sides by red stone walls. Twenty thousand labourers are supposed to have worked for 22 years during Shahjahan's reign in building the Tajmahal. Bernier, the French traveller has recorded that no non muslim was allowed entry into the secret nether chambers of the Taj because there are some dazzling fixtures there. Had she deserved a fabulous burial, as is claimed, the date of her death had not been a matter of much speculation. Over the western flank of the Taj are several stately red stone annexes.
Firstly, the subterranean fountains were there before Shahjahan laid the surface fountains. Shahjahan's own court chronicle, the Badshahnama, admits page 403, vol 1 that a grand mansion of unique splendor, capped with a dome Imaarat-a-Alishan wa Gumbaze was taken from the Jaipur Maharaja Jaisigh for Mumtaz's burial, and the building was known as Raja Mansingh's palace. Its history and symbolism has very deeply ingrained roots in one of the golden periods of India. The Tajganj gate is aligned in a perfect straight line to the octagonal red stone garden gate and the stately entrance arch of the Tajmahal. But since it was commandeered Hindu wealth which Shahjahan wanted to remove to his treasury, he didn't want the public to know about it. While there are many theories as to who actually designed the complex, most scholars agree that the primary architects were the Persian builders Ustad Isa Khan Effendi and Ustad Ahmad. Other elements were sapphire, garnets, topaz and corals from China, Burma and Central Asia, sandstone from Fatehpur Sikri, gems like lapiz lauzli and sapphire from Sri Lanka and diamonds from Panna.
The Tejomahalaya alias The Tajmahal appears to be one of them known as Nagnatheshwar since its parapet is girdled with Naga, i. These are superflous for a mausoleum. The presence of Bel and other flower plants in the Taj garden is proof of its having been a Shiva temple before seizure by Shahjahan. Changing Moods of the Taj Mahal Did you know that the Taj Mahal dose different colours at different times of the day? Another interesting fact is that there are 99 names of Allah found on the sides of the actual tomb as calligraphic inscriptions. Hence started the construction of ; it took 22 long years, use of 22000 labourers and 1000 elephants to complete the construction of this white beauty.
Legend has it that Shah Jahan, who considered his empress an integral part of his life, was broken after her death, and within just a few months, his hair and beard grew snow white, such was the terrible impact of the demise upon him. Ever since Shahjahan's capture of it the sacred temple has lost its Hindudom. The construction was completed in the year 1653, which means that it took approximately 22 years to complete this astounding piece of architecture. Therefore, the Taj Mahal is the mausoleum of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. The enemy at that time was the Luftwaffe aircraft. It also had nets of pearl and gems stuffed in the marble lattices. For 22 years after ground was broken in 1632, the greatest artists and builders of the Islamic world were employed on this massive mausoleum.
Such a grand, gigantic well is unneccesary for a tomb. It took 17 years for the Taj Mahal to be ready, and the monument was completed in 1648. After twin tower attack of 2002 in , metal form-work was built around the dome and security was tightened around the entire compound. Arjumand Banu Begum was a princess of Persian nobility. It has attained a worldwide popularity as a seventh wonder of the world. The Taj Mahal is scrawled over with 14 chapters of the Koran but nowhere is there even the slightest or the remotest allusion in that Islamic overwriting to Shahjahan's authorship of the Taj.
But the Taj premises contain several graves atleast in its eastern and southern pavilions. He may have even considered giving up his throne to his sons. She, therefore, deserved no special consideration in having a wonder mausoleum built for her. Therefore, he refused to send any marble and instead detained the stone cutters in his protective custody. Calligraphic inscriptions of the ninety-nine names of Allah can also be found on the sides of actual tomb of Mumtaz Mahal.
There is not even a scrap of paper of this kind. Symmetrical means that one side of the building could mirror the other side if cut down the middle. The four pillars called minarets around the main dome are slightly tilted so that they fall away from the central tomb, in case they were to collapse. . Shah Jahan was only able to view the Taj Mahal from his window for the last eight years of his life before being entombed there. Such apertures exist in the perambulatories in the Tajmahal. His petition in 2000 to declare the same, and excavate the site for proof, was dismissed by the High Court.
Apparently the Taj as a central palace seems to have an chequered history. The only exception is the tomb of Sahah Jahan which was added later to the building. Contrarily Shahjahan and Aurangzeb scrupulously avoid using the Sanskrit term and call it just a holy grave. This would help people to realize that all dead muslim courtiers and royalty including Humayun, Akbar, Mumtaz, Etmad-ud-Daula and Safdarjang have been buried in capture Hindu mansions and temples. It looks like a heaven on the earth.
The designer of the Tajmahal is also variously mentioned as Essa Effendy, a Persian or Turk, or Ahmed Mehendis or a Frenchman, Austin deBordeaux, or Geronimo Veroneo, an Italian, or Shahjahan himself. A shadowy burial crypt inside the Taj Mahal houses the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan himself, who was buried there after he died. It was built by the great Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in the memory of his dead wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Tajmahal dome bears a lotus cap. Likewise the period of construction has been guessed to be anywhere between 10 years and 22 years. During the last few centuries the residents of Agra had to be content with worshipping at only four prominent Shiva temples viz. This indicates that Mumtaz's centotaph was grafted in place of the Shivalinga in the centre of the gold railings.
The term Taj Mahal is a corrupt form of the sanskrit term TejoMahalay signifying a Shiva Temple. Time and amount The construction of the Taj Mahal was begun in 1632, a year after the death of Empress Mumtaz. Havell points out the ground plan of the ancient Hindu Chandi Seva Temple in Java is identical with that of the Taj. When carnal love becomes uncontrollable the person either murders somebody or commits suicide. Its Importance The Taj Mahal is in several lists of world wonders, the Taj Mahal is not only one of the largest tourist attractions in India, it is also the most well-known example of Mughal architecture. About 20 crores of rupees were spent on it. Shah Jahan had a tragic ending as the last years of his life were spent in captivation at the , being arrested by his son, the next Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb.