The Virginia House of Burgesses sent a protest of the taxes to London in December 1764, arguing that they did not have the specie required to pay the tax. The Sons of Liberty would play an important role later during the American Revolution. Despite the composition of the congress, each of the Thirteen Colonies eventually affirmed its decisions. And for and upon every paper, commonly called a pamphlet, and upon every newspaper, containing publick news, intelligence, or occurrences, which shall be printed, dispersed, and made publick, within any of the said colonies and plantations, and for and upon such advertisements as are herein after mentioned, the respective duties following that is to say For every other almanack or calendar for any one particular year, which shall be written or printed within the said colonies or plantations, a stamp duty of four pence. It was still worse in Massachusetts, where protesters attacked the mansion of the lieutenant governor, Thomas Hutchinson, and almost totally destroyed it.
The British felt they were well justified in charging this tax because the colonies were receiving the benefit of the British troops and needed to help pay for the expense. They made efforts to control the people below them on the economic and social scale, but they were often unsuccessful in maintaining a delicate balance between mass demonstrations and riots. Representatives from only nine colonies appeared. However, Lieutenant General Thomas Gage, who was the Commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America, suffered resistance from some colonists in obtaining sufficient accommodation for his troops during the war. Anyone who made a will or bought a newspaper would pay the tax on paper. Carp, , 49:35, Molly Fitzgerald Perry, While the colonial legislatures were acting, the ordinary citizens of the colonies were also voicing their concerns outside of this formal political process.
People Burning the Stamped Paper by Unknown No Representation The colonists felt that the British government had no right to tax them because there were not any representatives of the colonies in the British Parliament. Most delegates at the Stamp Act Congress were not overtly aggressive or radical. The Grenville ministry therefore decided that Parliament would raise this revenue by taxing the American colonists without their consent. Have each group explain the item being taxed and the reason colonists opposed the tax. The overall effect of these protests was to both anger and unite the American people like never before. The colonial protest had included various non-importation agreements among merchants who recognized that a significant portion of British industry and commerce was dependent on the colonial market. Soon after his announcement of the possibility of a tax, he had told American agents that he was not opposed to the Americans suggesting an alternative way of raising the money themselves.
Further, those accused of violating the Stamp Act could be prosecuted in Vice-Admiralty Courts, which had no juries and could be held anywhere in the British Empire. This Quartering Act, coupled with another passed in 1774, paved the way for the American Revolutionary War in 1775. At the time of the passage of the Sugar Act in April 1764, Grenville made it clear that the right to tax the colonies was not in question, and that additional taxes might follow, including a stamp tax. Benjamin Hallowell, the comptroller of customs, suffered the almost total loss of his home. Lawyers were also the most ready and able to challenge the Act in the courts. And there was much rejoicing. At that point in history, most colonists did not want to declare independence, nor did they want to fight the British.
They refused to pay the tax. By 16 November, twelve of the stamp distributors had resigned. But, what was the purpose of the Quartering Act of 1765? Since the needs of the American colonists differed substantially from the needs of inhabitants of England, they feared that were Parliament permitted to legislate for the colonies its members would be easily persuaded to vote against the Americans' best interest, especially if England stood to gain. Resolved, That His Majesty's liege people of this his most ancient and loyal Colony have without interruption enjoyed the inestimable right of being governed by such laws, respecting their internal polity and taxation, as are derived from their own consent, with the approbation of their sovereign, or his substitute; and that the same hath never been forfeited or yielded up, but hath been constantly recognized by the kings and people of Great Britain. Some colonies, including Georgia, North Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia, did not even send delegates to the Stamp Act Congress.
It was a direct tax imposed by the British government, without the approval of the colonial legislatures and was payable in hard-to-obtain British sterling, rather than colonial currency. Virginia, New Hampshire, North Carolina, and Georgia were not represented. However, the only other alternative would be to requisition each colony and allow them to determine how to raise their share. Statue of Samuel Adams in Boston. Following the war, there was a difficult debate in British society and within parliament, the governing body of Britain. Internal taxes had far wider effects. Benjamin Franklin even suggested the appointment of as the agent for Pennsylvania, indicating that even Franklin was not aware of the turmoil and impact that the tax was going to generate on American-British relations or that these distributors would become the focus of colonial resistance.
On 26 August, MacIntosh led an attack on Hutchinson's mansion. With the rallying cry of 'no taxation without representation,' the delegates sent to the Stamp Act Congress adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances as a way to beseech the king of England to repeal the Stamp Act, and it was in fact repealed the following year. The Text Taken on its own, the Stamp Act is pretty unremarkable legislation. The novelty of the Stamp Act was that it was the first internal tax a tax based entirely on activities within the colonies levied directly on the colonies by Parliament. Opposition came in different forms. There was no one in America authorized either to open the packages of stamped paper or to sell stamps.
Lieutenant Governor ordered sheriff Stephen Greenleaf to take down the effigy, but he was opposed by a large crowd. This created a loose coalition by colonies from New England to those from Georgia. The Stamp Act Resolves Members of the Virginia's legislative body, the House of Burgesses, gathered together to protest the Act and to figure out what to do next. He argued that the colonies could not be taxed without representation in Parliament. Once that bridge was crossed, it was clear that coming back would be difficult. Twenty-seven delegates from nine colonies were the members of the Congress, and their responsibility was to draft a set of formal petitions stating why Parliament had no right to tax them.
The phrase 'No Taxation Without Representation' became a rallying cry across the colonies. They removed a law that had been nothing but a burden to many Colonists, and did create a sense of unity amongst the thirteen colonies. By the end of 1765. Shortly thereafter, though, they passed the Declaratory Act, which declared that Britain had the right to impose laws and taxes upon the Colonies at any time and for any reason. Some wanted to strictly enforce the Stamp Act over colonial resistance, wary of the precedent that would be set by backing down. More Taxes The Stamp Act was meant to make the Americans pay bigger and more direct taxes, as a result of a war that has left Britain with lesser treasures and greater debts. The Stamp Act of 1765 was a tax to help the British pay for the French and Indian War.