Against the background of widespread dissatisfaction that was generated by Gandhi's decision to withdraw the movement, Motilal Nehru and Chitta Ranjan Das formed the Swaraj Party. Further, Gandhi and other Congress leaders also emphasized that it is the duty of every Indian citizen and soldier to break with the oppressive power. In December 1921, the Congress in its annual session at Ahmedabad affirmed its resolve to intensify the movement. Peasants, tribals and workers joined the movement from thecountryside. By December 1921 more than thirty thousand people were arrested from all over India. Gandhi decided to launch a no revenue campaign at Bardoli, and also a mass civil disobedience movement for freedom of speech, press and association. Under the guidance of Gandhi, charkha and Indian handloom products gained back their glory.
The Congress redefined the resolution as the procurement of Swaraj by the use of peaceful and legitimate means. Surrender of titles and honorary positions. Many prominent lawyers like, C. Phases of the Non-Cooperation Movement The non-cooperation movement can be divided into four distinct phases from its beginning in January 1920 till its abrupt end in February 1922. Cooperation is a necessity of world peace. Upon the death of a member the estate will not … have to repay any loans outstanding to the sacco. In Punjab, it was headed by Lala Lajpat Rai.
Inspite of its failure, the Non-Cooperation Movement has great significance in the history of India not only in relation to political sphere but also in terms of social aspects. This phase was followed by the second phase starting from April 1921. There was widespread student unrest and top lawyers like C R Das and Molilal Nehru gave up their legal practice. He supported the cause of the oppressed cultivators of Champaran district of , associated himself with the campaign of the peasants of the Kheda district in and also backed the textile workers of Ahmedabad, who were fighting for their wages. If people do do what they say they will do then it gets done. Gandhi's emergence on the Indian political scenario inaugurated the third phase of Indian Nationalism, during which the country witnessed the launch of a number of nationalist movements under his leadership.
Progress of Non-Cooperation Movement: 1. Sliding Non-locomotor movement is moving on the spot without going anywhere. The Fund was oversubscribed and one crore rupees collected, but the target of membership reached only 50 lakhs. The Rowlatt Act, followed by the Jallianwallah Bagh massacre and the Khilafat issue embittered Gandhi's feelings towards the British government. Cooperat … ion comes firstly from within ourselves. The leaders of this movement accepted the non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji and led a joint protest against the British. The movement began with Mahatma Gandhi renouncing the titles, which were given by the British.
The Khilafat Conference in Malabar incited so much communal feelings among the Muslim peasants The Moplahs that it took an anti—Hindu turn in July 1921. In this initiative, he expected to garner the support of the Muslims, who were nurturing anti British sentiments, on the Turkey-issue. Prices of goods began to soar which affected the common man. A new nationalist awareness was generated and the national movement reached the remotest corners of the land. If someone expects you to do something and you don't, it could result in confusions in other people's minds, possibly, I don't know if you have observed this or not of course, but have a look and see if it makes sense to you. Prior to entering the political scene whole-heartedly, he was involved in the quasi-political causes like demand for fair wages for cultivators of Champaran district of Bihar, peasants of the Kheda district in Gujarat and the textile workers of Ahmedabad.
The long-standing grievances of the toiling masses against the British, as well as the Indian masters got an opportunity through this movement to express their real feelings. The Swadeshi concept became a household word. In the third phase July—November 1921 , the movement became more radical. Saccos encourage members to save,essential for economic empowerment. Beginning in March 1921 there were campaigns of non-cooperation against the foreign regulations.
Once again, Bengal led by example and that inspired other states like Uttar Pradesh, Andhra, Punjab and Karnataka. The Congress met in a special session in September 1920 at Calcutta and agreed to start the non Co-operation Movement unless the British met the demands. Their response to the call for resignation from government service, surrendering of titles, etc. They gave up Purdah and offered their jewellery for the Tilak Fund. The Satyagraha ended in glorious success: the demands of Indians were met, and the Congress Party was recognized as the real representative of the Indian people. In September, 1920, a special session of the Congress, presided by Lala Lajpat Rai was convened at Calcutta that sought to approve the scheme.
In processions, meetings and jails people of all castes and communities worked together which weakened the caste separateness and accelerated the pace of social mobility and reform. Popularizing swadeshi goods and khadi. On that day a large crowd gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwalla Bagh. Interest rates given by saccos are generally better than the rates given by banks. Khadi became symbol of revolution against the Raj. All this led to resentment against the government.
Different Aspects of Non-Cooperation: The Tilak Swarajya Fund was started to finance the Non-Cooperation Movement. Gandhiji in 1919 decided to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act. The Khilafat movement was launched by Muslims in India to persuade the British government not to abolish the caliphate. They were not afraid of the government. Students came out of the government educational institutions. In the first few weeks of the movements, around 9 thousand students had left government-backed schools and colleges.