The workers were required to merely guide the masses in the initial stages. The chance of acquiring such experience will never be repeated. These represented a cross-section of the people from all over the country: Andhra, Bengal, Bihar, Bombay, Gujarat, Karnatak, Kerala, Cutch, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajputana, Sind, Tamiland, U. Great patches of blood widened on their white clothes. On 19 March, the party of satyagrahis reached Ras Taluka where Sardar Patel was arrested and sentenced to prison and in which he had carried on such a vigorous struggle in 1924 that the Government had finally to admit its 'error and mete out justice that should not have required a struggle. The Nehrus were brought to Yeravda and the joint interview took place on the 13th, 14th and 15th of August.
For me there is no turning back whether I am alone or joined by thousands. Two of the biggest salt producing regions of India during the British rule were Orissa, which was part of the Calcutta Presidency, and the Rann of Kutch, which was part of the Bombay Presidency. But we have reached the second stage. Dandi should be a sacred ground for us, where we should utter no untruth, commit no sin. My advice is that the workers should everywhere manufacture salt to make use of it and to instruct the villagers to do so. The full name of the Bapu is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi's Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi.
He truly understood the power of unity in people from different castes, religions, community, race, age or gender which he used all through his independence movement. He decided that Indians were not yet ready for successful nonviolent resistance. One hundred and forty headmen had resigned and ten clays later, the figure had risen to two hundred and twenty seven 42 Gandhi warned them, 'It will be regarded as cowardice to hand in one's resignation and then to withdraw it. Gandhi chose salt because it was used in every Indian household, yet people were not allowed to make salt even for domestic use. Dandi March and Salt Satyagraha marked the beginning of the end of British rule in India. · Accused of being an 'All-White Commission', the Simon Commission was rejected by all political and social segments of the country. I would therefore advise you to send Prabhavati there.
There was pandemonium everywhere as people all over India began to produce illegal salt. The Congress Working Committee took the decision to restart The Civil Disobedience Movement, as the British government was not prepared to relent. Gandhiji started the 26 days non-violence march to Dandi village, Gujarat protesting against the salt monopoly of the British government. We should make a resolve that we shall prepare salt, eat it, sell it to the people and, while doing so, court imprisonment, if necessary. And as soon as he got behind the bars or as soon as the All-India Congress Committee gave a call, they should come forward to offer themselves for being jailed. Curry and others in British government, including , Secretary of State for India, preferred fighting violent rather than nonviolent opponents.
The patience of the Indian masses were wearing out. In Assam, satyagrahis walked from Sylhet to Noakhali Bengal to make salt. It is a long journey, for the goal is the independence of India and the ending of the exploitation of her millions. Taxes on salt have been implemented in India since earliest times. People in the provinces were planning to start the movement, and in some cases preliminary steps had already been initiated. He started helping people of India who were humiliated and insulted by the British rule. On March 11, the day before the March was to begin, the crowd swelled to 10,000 when the evening prayers were held.
· The prevalent political and social circumstances played a vital role in the launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement. · None of the efforts made by the Congress received any favorable response from the British government. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Central Provinces: These areas saw defiance of forest laws such as grazing and timber restrictions and public sale of illegally acquired forest produce. The talks would lead to the Second at the end of 1931. After the declaration of Purna Swaraj in 1929, Gandhi chose to use the issue of salt to protest against the British rule. Under a no-rent campaign, a call was given to tenants against Zamindars. Finally the police became enraged by the non-resistance.
They went down like ten-pins. The second phase of The Civil Disobedience Movement lacked the organization that marked its first phase. Talks broke down at this point. At a conference of the Congress leaders of Bengal a decision was taken to appoint immediately an ad hoc council to be called the Bengal Civil Disobedience Council, with the object of carrying out the programme outlined by Gandhiji. Walking ten miles a day for 24 days, the march spanned over 240 miles. His whole life story is a great inspiration for us.
The effect of non-violence was so intense that it gained the immediate attention of the international community towards the Indian independence struggle. Civil disobedience is one of the many ways people have rebelled against what they deem to be unfair laws. We believe therefore, that India must sever the British connection and attain Purna Swaraji or complete sovereignty and self-rule. Men like Malaviya and Aney threw in their lot with the Congress and courted jail. In August 1930 Motilal and Jawaharlal Nehru were taken to Yeravada Jail to meet Gandhi and discuss the possibility of a settlement. Gandhi gave the following directions for future action: I. But even the brutality of the mounted police failed to break the morale of the people.