The Versailles Treaty also established that all Allied armed forces would leave the Rhineland by 1935, though most withdrew by the end of 1930. In 1936 Germany sent troops into the Rhineland, which had been demilitarized under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. As early as October 1933, the German Defence Ministry directives stated if the French moved into the Rhineland, then the German response would be to sent in troops to stage a fighting retreat Robertson, E. But it can be argued that it was not just Hitler who undermined the peace of Europe, but also Britain and France, when they allowed — and even helped — him to do what he did. Hitler promised that he would bring back the glory and redemption that Germany had lost through world war one and the Treaty of Versailles.
The Rhineland is a region in western Germany that borders Belgium, France, and a section of the Netherlands. Henderson persuaded the skeptical French Premier, Aristide Briand, to accept that all Allied occupation forces would evacuate the Rhineland by June 1930. It was one of Hitler's foreign policy aims; the destruction of the peace treaties. Then he built up his army — at first in secret, then, in 1935, openly holding a huge rearmament rally. In 1936, Hitler ordered troops to re-enter the Rhineland, thus breaking the terms of the treaty.
The purpose of remilitarization in 1936 was to show the public in Germany that Hitler was 'putting right' the wrongs of Versailles and also in order to … build military installations and fortifications there. Under the terms of , the Rhineland had been made into a demilitarised zone. Fourth, as the historian pointed out in his 1978 book In Command of France, through the French were never serious about mobilizing, they made a great show of pretending that they were about to mobilize. After the fact, Hitler could say about how if the French moved, he would have been forced to withdraw, but the orders given to German troops marching into the Rhineland stated that if the French were to march in, they were to resist and stage a fighting retreat. The French started a war to prevent the Prussians from becoming powerful in Europe, and they were humiliated when the Prussians won. Hitler's Pre-War Policy and Military Plans, Longmans: London, United Kingdom, 1963 pages 25-26.
The Rhineland remilitarization operation was given the code name Operation Winter Exercise. It was at this point which Hitler felt he had the best chance of success. First, the was much weaker then what contemporary opinion believed, for it was not in the French interest to advertise their weaknesses. After Hitler had made his precarious move in the Rhineland the French government immediately declared the German occupation a hostile act. France was going through an internal political crisis at the time and there was no political leadership to concentrate against. After March of 1936, the British and the French could no longer take forceful action against Hitler except by provoking the total war they feared.
That's why they wanted to make sure that the terms of the Treaty of Versailles prevented the Germans from ever becoming powerful again. The reoccupation of the Rhineland was Hitler's test to see how far France would go to secure the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. In actual truth of the matter is despite they were claimed after the war, both before and during the war, the overwhelming majority of the German military leadership were for Hitler and everything he stood for, and were more then happy to spill the blood of innocents for the sake of their beloved Führer. In March of 1936 Hitler decided to roll the dice and take an extremely perilous venture Goff. Hitler had allies now, and could afford to be more aggressive. Later, the racist Polish elite signed sectret treaties with Hitler, mainly on being helped out at the end of their Ukrainian war and the troubles created by their invasion.
However, just four years later, Adolf Hitler and the seized full power in Germany, promising vengeance against the Allied nations that had forced the Treaty of Versailles on the German people. In 1925, at the conclusion of a European peace conference held in Switzerland, the Locarno Pact was signed, reaffirming the national boundaries decided by the Treaty of Versailles and approving the German entry into the. The Rhineland affected the French in that a demilitarised Rhineland was created at to act as a barrier for the French if the Germans ever got war-like again. Hitler was obviously aware of the unfairness of the Versailles peace treaty. Germany had political control of this area, but she was not allowed to put any troops into it. In that time, the racist Polish elite tried everything to get France into a war against fascist Hitler Germany.
Germany objected to the terms of the treaty but were told to sign it or the war would begin again. Hitler then spent the next six years bullying other nations into giving him land with the threat of war if they did not comply. There is no sign that anybody in the ever considered the idea of overthrowing Hitler in the event of a French move into the Rhineland in 1936; even General , the chief of General Staff, who later become involved in plots against Hitler made it very clear during the Rhineland crisis via his voluminous memos that was behind Hitler 100% in 1936. This, too broke the Treaty of Versailles, but it also destroyed the reputation of France and Britain. Britain believed that even combined with France, they did not have enough power to overcome Germany, not only that but also that they had already met to discuss the possibility of future remilitarisation but had decided against taking any action should it occur. Originally, Hitler had ordered to withdraw troops if France decided to attack or take action.
Hitler calculated that he would have the best chance of success in March 1936. If the French had then marched into the Rhineland we would have had to withdraw with our tails between our legs, for the military resources at our disposal would have been wholly inadequate for even a moderate resistance. The British government thought that there a need to rethink the Treaty of Versailles, because many considered some of the stipulations in the treaty to no longer be suitable for the 1930s. In 1935, Hitler unilaterally canceled the military clauses of the treaty and in March 1936 denounced the Locarno Pact and began remilitarizing of the Rhineland. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the Rhineland had been made into a demilitarized zone. A retreat on the German part would have signified collapse, possibly the collapse of Hitler's rule.
They are all extracts from the minutes of the Cabinet meeting on 11 March 1936. The Treaty of Versailles, signed in July 1919—eight months after the guns fell silent in World War I—called for stiff war reparation payments and other punishing peace terms for defeated Germany. Germany had political control over the area but was not allowed to put troops into it and so the Germans claimed they did not actually fully control the area even though it was a part of Germany itself. As hindsight once again proves to be impervious to imperfections, the inaction by France and Britain would prove to be detrimental not only to Europe, but the whole world. Hitler was also encouraged by how poorly the Manchurian and Abyssinian crises had been dealt with, however he still describes the invasion as being the 'most nerve-racking 48 hours' of this life. With dictators, nothing succeeds like success.
While doing so, Germany was very rapidly constructing their defensive fortifications along the Belgium and French borders. The German reoccupation and fortification of the Rhineland was the most significant turning point of the inter-wars. In 1936, he introduced conscription, and war-tested his armed forces in the Spanish Civil War. It rendered worthless the promises of military aid by France to her eastern European allies Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Romania if any of them were attacked by Germany Medlicott 84-90, 110. This order was made again at the signing of the Treaties at Locarno in 1925. This version about Hitler was not overthrown is so convenient towards the German side that it really ought to give one pause. Almost as soon as he was made Chancellor in 1933 Hitler said he intended to deal with the situation in the Rhineland, and had in fact planned an assault for 1937.