Mallard felt as though she was trapped in her marriage, and she lost herself. In both stories women are bamboozled by men, they become misguided and gain a desire. In addition to the chrysanthemums representing misery, they also represent death. Elizabeth Bates recognizes the apartness of her husband by gazing on and coming in contact with his still-warm body. Though written by male writers, both stories give an insight of the feelings and actions of a female character in that time period and how chrysanthemums can mean an entirely different obsession towards the two main characters. The Chrysanthemums is a story about how Elisa Allen is forced to a life that she feels is trapping her.
From the beginning, darkness and gloom and a sense of dread seem to be to hold over Elizabeth Bates. He studied at Stanford University where he majored in English between 1919 and 1925. He never overtly writes of it, instead making only subtle mentions here and there, and — in a very neatly executed trick — using colloquial language. He uses these symbols to look further into the characters and their situations. These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. In death, he has achieved the ultimate isolation, and widowed, Elizabeth is now even further isolated than she was before. Although she is a strong woman, she is frustrated because her husband will not admire her romantically in any way.
The story is set in the early twentieth century and these times don't allow for just any woman to leave her ordinary, socially and politically correct life. For example, Elizabeth regards chrysanthemum flowers bitterly because they were present when she married Walter and when the other men carried Walter back after he started drinking. She thinks he may be drinking with his friends, and that maybe his friends are going to bring him back home drunk as usual. In writing about the literary men he had known, he was always apt to put strong emphasis on his own early awareness of their genius and on his decisive influence on their respective careers. Although Elisa has recognized her life as limited and confining, she sadly accepts her life as is and does nothing to rectify her situation.
Kate Chopin and John Steinbeck express the same views on marriage in their short stories. Her whole world revolves around them and a household. Steinbeck's The Chrysanthemums is full of thick rhetoric that raises questions and stirs the mind and imagination. The work is introduced by finding the fault against all women. Bates's mother cries, 'Oh, my boy, my boy! Tomlinson, Wyndham Lewis, Ezra Pound, and others.
Some even push the symbolism of the flowers, and Elisa's masculine actions, to suggest she is unable to establish a true relationship between herself and another. One thing I noticed was that a compliment or something pleasant was said to her before she was bad-mouthed. She blames him for upsetting the household and drinking too much. The opening paragraph of the story is a brilliant, closely written descriptive set piece, carefully designed to establish the tone and mood of the story, to put the reader immediately into its imaginative world — and to produce a shock of recognition in an editor. Marriages are frequently at the center of this theme, with one spouse crafting an illusory impression of the other.
In December 1909 Lawrence wrote Louie, the young woman who had replaced Jessie as his fiancee, that he had 'sent the story, with another I have written, up to Ford Madox Hueffer on Thursday' James T. Buried in the third world of individualism, behind her fenced flowers, she longs for escape. When she struggles to figure out how to carry on when she fears that Walter is dead, she understands that, first and foremost, she must worry about her children. The story is essentially a man in the mirror story where the rigid Elisa sees herself for the first time as trapped. Because Lawrence was imaginatively so close to the story, the successive versions are one of the best available mirrors of his artistic and emotional growth during his first years as a writer. With symbolism the author is able to write a story in which many of the actions around the main character seem to enhance the way the character develops.
Both stories show women who feel as though they are trapped, and feel unloved in their marriage. There are literary techniques such as voice, point of view, character, theme, and symbolism. It is stereotypically thought that the men do the labor work and make all the money, while the women stay in the house, cooking, cleaning and taking care of the children. In a way, the coal pits have smothered Elizabeth, because she came to this remote community only because she married Walter. She can barely see Walter in a literal sense, but now, for the first time, she gets a glimpse of who he is as a person.
Who later changes because of this mysterious man. Knowing the problems of underground work, Elizabeth Bates and her neighbors seem to keep yourself updated that Walter Bates may have died in the mine. Elizabeth Bates awaits her husband as shadows lengthen, her son emerges from dark undergrowth, and her daughter returns late from school. In Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway, first published in 1927, we are shown the situation of an American man and a woman, discussing the pros and cons of a surgical procedure. Would I care to see some of his writing? Unlike her neighbours, she does not use the neighborhood dialect, a sign of course position, but she actually is not above criticizing one neighbor's unkempt house.
However, her attitude significantly shifts when she learns about the accident. When Walter's body is brought back to the house, both his mother and Elizabeth are in awe of it. The mood Lawrence tries to create in the opening is gloomy and lifeless which suggests that the story will be sad and tragic. Lawrence is here exploiting some of the formulas of late-nineteenth-century symbolic realism, working them up with an eye toward magazine publication. This is indicated by Elizabeth Bates's emotional distance from all those around her, apart from her daughter, Annie, and with how characters speak at, alternatively than take part in dialogue with, one another. She is presented as weak in that her daily activity consisted of tending her garden of chrysanthemums; Steinbeck focuses on how they provide insight into Elisa and how she relates to them, religiously. Probably lulled into marrying him by his visual appearance and his lust forever, she now resents him to make her feel just like a ''fool'' living in ''this dirty opening.
The locale of the story is of key resemblance to the Salinas in which Steinbeck was born and bread. Likewise, his son John, who resembles his dad, is referred to as being split from his mother in his shadowy darkness and even in his ''play-world. You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this section. Both Chopin and Steinbeck use characters Louise and Elisa, to illustrate the different roles of gender and demonstrate their oppression after marriage. Everything from the title, to the last line needs to be thought about more than once. Their odor, once Walter has passed away, also… Cao, Diana. Rather than advancing her interests or opening up new possibilities, the role of wife has been a diminishment, a slow, agonizing humiliation and gradual suffocation.