Historical Bits: Human Mazes: Professional Psychology Vol 5 4 Nov 1974, 384. The temporal maze and kinaesthetic sensory processes in the white rat: Psychobiology Vol 2 1 Feb 1920, 1-17. Strengthening of bonds: An important task of the teacher is to see what theories, principles and generalizations, etc. University of California Publications in Psychology. Testing occurs in an open field arena, to which the animals are first habituated.
The disinhibiting effect of an electric shock upon the maze performance of the white rat: Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 22 1 Aug 1936, 187-197. However, in some populations, this is not a viable option. This task can be altered in numerous ways to investigate working memory, reference memory and task strategy 6. Spatial memory and c-fos expression in supramammillary nucleus, anterior cingulated gyrus and entorhinal cortex: Psicothema Vol 13 2 May 2001, 214-221. Mental maze solving: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol 12 5 Sep 2000, 813-827. The relation between exploratory behavior and spontaneous alternation in the white rat: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 44 6 Dec 1951, 582-589. The effect of venlafaxine treatment on the behavioural and neurochemical changes in the olfactory bulbectomised rat: Psychopharmacology Vol 136 4 Apr 1998, 394-401.
A Solution for Two-Dimensional Mazes with Use of Chaotic Dynamics in a Recurrent Neural Network Model: Neural Computation Vol 16 9 Sep 2004, 1943-1957. Explain the variation in times. Studies on the nature of ant learning. Technic team recomended powder wall paint, but I am sure it can be toxical for the animals and interfere with our results. Walking through a maze alters the architecture of sleep: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 88 3, Pt 2 Jun 1999, 1141-1159.
. Maze procedures: the radial-arm and water maze compared. The learning of a maze by goldfish: Journal of Animal Behavior Vol 6 3 May-Jun 1916, 247-255. The path as well as time taken by a rodent to complete this process serves as a parameter to quantify spatial learning and memory. Goal gradient or entrance gradient? This may take several hours, so should be done well in advance. Formal lab write-up Each student should use the following format to write up this lab.
Female rodents, humans, primates, etc, all have cyclic changes in steroid hormone levels 11-12. The relative efficiency of constant and varied stimulation during learning: Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 19 1 Feb 1935, 5-27. To evaluate reference memory, the open hole in the Barnes maze is covered, and recording the time a rodent spends in the quadrant where the cage hole once was, is one way to assess reference memory. Learning without response under two conditions of external cues: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 49 5 Oct 1956, 477-480. Studies in individual differences in maze ability. The survival of the maze habit after cerebellar injuries: Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 6 6 Dec 1926, 423-433.
Influence of the odorous traces left by the hamster at the time of the learning of an olfactory discrimination maze: Psychologie Francaise 9 3 1964, 165-180. Educational Implications of Trial and Error Theory 4. Maze learning turned out to be more complex than either Small or Watson thought, but Small's work is less important for its conclusions than for the fact that it initiated a flood of research using mazes. These terms refer to the participant. Boring later said that the main outcome of his only maze study was that he fell in love with one of his fellow maze-running colleagues, Lucy Day, whom he eventually married. Kinaesthetic and Organic Sensations: Their Role in the Reactions of the White Rat to the Maze: Psychological Bulletin Vol 4 9 Sep 1907, 306.
Double, triple and quadruple repetition in the white rat: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 43 6 Dec 1950, 490-502. Graph the average time per student and indicate the maze done by that student on the larger of the graphs provided Grid B. Measurement of the effects of drugs on activity of permanent groups of rats: Psychopharmacology Communications Vol 1 2 1975, 131-138. Later, after the animal is trained and ready for testing, the escape platform will be just below the surface of the water, and will not be visible because the water will be made opaque with milk or non-toxic paint. You have the following options: 4. The conception of the true path and efficiency in maze learning: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 26 1 Jan 1940, 74-93.
Latent learning is a form of learning that occurs without any obvious reinforcement of the behavior or associations that are learned. The effects of cholecystokinin A and B receptor antagonists on exploratory behavior in the elevated zero-maze in rat: Neuropharmacology Vol 36 3 Mar 1997, 389-396. Tryon sought to demonstrate that genetic traits often did, in fact, contribute to behavior. Maze learning in rats hemidecorticated in infancy: Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 24 2 Oct 1937, 221-254. Determination of the specific components of maze ability for Tryon's bright and dull rats by means of factorial analysis: Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 32 2 Oct 1941, 237-252. The design of mazes to study Drosophila behavior: Behavior Genetics Vol 7 5 Sep 1977, 389-402.
The effect of vitamin deficiency upon the acquisition and retention of the maze habit in the white rat. Therefore, gently guide the animal to the platform with your hand. In order to escape sun, the fish made attempts to find out the passage to the shade, until they did discover the hole. The first results of this long-term work were reported at the International Information Theory Symposium in 1984, and then the obtained data were discussed at many conferences and published in biological and mathematical journals see, e. Phototactic choice between two lights of various intensity in flies: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis Vol 53 2 1993, 385-399. For training trials, one hole remains open; this is the goal of the maze since it leads to a dark cage away from the aversive light.
Latent learning is to learning that is not reinforced and not demonstrated until there is motivation to do so. After a subject has correctly learned the maze, we can wait a time interval, such as a month, and then re-test the subject. A common misconception of this experiment and other similar experiments is that the observed change in the performance in the maze directly correlates with general learning ability. Red wood ants display the level of cognitive skills that has been known before only in vertebrate animals Reznikova 2007a , a b Fig. The synthesis of intelligence--its implications: Psychological Review Vol 45 2 Mar 1938, 185-189. Following that, the platform used by the rodent during training is removed to assess reference memory.