As a result, these people wrongly assume that drug abusers and addicts lack moral principles or the willingness to stop using these drugs. It is found in every ethnic group, regardless of gender or age. These arguments made me curious as to how is the best way to treat addiction. Many people use alcohol or substances in social situations. In some cases, addiction contributes to impaired cognitive function by affecting brain segments that are critical for , memory, judgment, and learning.
The importance of this topic is to really to discuss what is at hand. Addiction as a disease of the brain occurs in the midbrain. And what if we had called a four legged animal from whence we acquire ham a cow? There are many things that happen in this universe that may straight or indirectly affect oneself. Transition: Should obesity be considered a disease in our society today or not? I believe, drug addiction is a recurring brain disease that can be healed when we alter and eliminate all the factors that are reinforcing drug addiction. Researching these issues, will help aid my claim that addiction is a disease. Therefore a person-centered approach which considers this interplay of factors seems the best strategy in terms of treatment.
The midbrain is the reflexive, limbic, amoral, unconscious survival part of the brain. Sarah had started using drugs at the age of 16. According to Alice M Young, addiction has a tremendous effect on the brain, both psychological and biological. Stanley Peele's wrote an article which argues that addiction is not a disease and the growing influence of addiction as a disease will create problems within our society. Sixty-four percent of new stories on the topic made mention of law enforcement, either in the context of arresting people for illegally buying prescription medication or arresting the doctors who illegally provided the medication. Some act in the brain, others in organs, and some in several parts of the body at the same time. When the first determination to either trial or usage drugs.
People argue whether drug addiction is a disease or a choice. Over the past few years, scientific and empirical research indicates that substance addiction is not a personal decision one makes as evidential proof shows that genetics causes the disease of drug addiction. In the field of genetics, some professionals argue that addiction may be genetically predetermined as demonstrated in numerous researches on the hereditary risk that contributes to it. Because each and every person is different, you must treat each person on an individual basis and do what works best for that person. Someone who has entered this stage of addiction will not be satisfied with incremental doses, but is compelled to actively seek out larger doses.
One moment you fear the addict may die of an overdose; a moment later, you are angry because the addict is wasting money on drugs, sleeping in late, or refusing to work. If education is the key to understanding addiction, then what is addiction and how should it be treated? Some people having more than one, each in every room, even in the bathrooms. Alcohol or drug use starts with choices that are influenced by biopsychosocial factors relating to the individual, but as the habit or dependency develops, choice becomes increasingly impaired and instead becomes a compulsive disorder. The degree to which twins and family members share a behaviour is termed a concordance rate, with 1 or 100% being entirely genetic, and 0 or 0% being entirely. You got a couple bucks? It seems so, because, people know that cancer is a disease that has been studied and researched for many while drug addiction has not.
These substances include anything from alcohol and nicotine, to a variety of legal and illegal drugs. In 1985, studying addiction as a disease began. However, this is where the cost to the individual visibly outweighs the benefits. Drug addiction is a constant craving, seeking, and using of a substance, despite the negative consequences it may have on the addict or those around them. However, the brain quickly adapts and these circuits desensitize, which allows for withdrawal symptoms to occur 3. I found the last two paragraphs of your essay and the comments by Joe C and a few others to be precisely in line with my thoughts and feelings on the subject.
In the end, addiction is the result of a series of choices made by the individual. However, most medical circles believe that addiction is a brain disease and even implies that this is based on genetics. Cocaine and other mood altering drugs can release much more dopamine than natural experiences create Friedman 169. So then, do you want to call addiction a disease? These changes in the brain then stimulate the anticipation of reward, desire or craving that leads to compulsive patterns of alcohol and drug use. Addiction Is a Disease: In contrast to the belief that addition is merely an immoral act, it's a complex disease that requires more than good intentions and strong will to overcome.
The 1s that have decided to halt drug dependence ; they have done so because they chose to make so. Leshner argues that drug addiction. The Roots of the Moral Model of Addiction The disease model of addiction is the conventional approach to talking about substance abuse, but this was not always the case. An addict may often not be able to admit they have problems, even to themselves Berman and Siegel 57. This can stem from childhood.
By Daniel J Farish Submitted On May 26, 2011 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook 2 Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Call addiction what you wish - a condition, disease or a disorder. An inhaled substance can reach the brain in seconds, where as an injected substance will travel around the bloodstream, taking a much longer time to reach the brain. As with most people, addicts walk the line between what they want and what it costs to have those things. Drug experimenting dropped in cocaine and heroin the biggest drop was in marijuana. Agent factors also take into consideration how the substance enters the body Henderson 19. Because addiction has been so difficult to define other than ill will as in the behavioral theory, it has been very difficult for people to get treatment because insurance will not pay. If individuals in the society are encouraged to make the right choices and adopt responsible lifestyles, it is likely that the cases of addiction will be reduced significantly Dunnington, 2011.