She points toward the significance of love as in the love of parents toward children and the strong ties that result from such bonds. For Aristotelian ethics virtue theory , there is a link between right action and the virtuous person, and then between the virtuous person and Happiness eudaimonia. However, it could be argued that christian virtues are really either vices of deficiency or excess when seen through Aristotle, who is after all the father of virtue ethics and ethics in general that is big of me to say because I am a big Plato fanboy. I hope this made things a bit more clear though I understand if I only made things more abstract as this is a multilayered and difficult topic. I would argue that within Virtue Ethics, abortion could be seen as the right action for a number of reasons. Similar to a board game. In order, to justify whether an abortion can be performed… Abortion is one of the serious controversial ethical dilemma issues in the subject of ethics and philosophy.
You mention that a virtuous person might care about protecting the rights of all human beings. Problem of defining eudaimonia—Hursthouse responds by saying that defining rationality and happiness is just as difficult as defining eudaimonia. Should an adequate moral theory provide answers to questions about real moral issues with reference to truths about what is worthwhile, or what really matters in human life? When rights are always promoted, harm generally comes to the other parties involved. She explains the argument that the terms presented in its premises are explained each in terms of the other, so that no idea can really be considered foundational or axiomatic. Its a period of a growing life. If that involves donating their time, even if for 9 months, then that person would do so. She taught for many years at the in England.
And, if we assume as Thompson does then I do not think the theory of right action put forth by Hursthouse, and most virtue ethicists, can claim that abortion is permissible. Hursthouse's most substantial contribution to modern virtue ethics is her book On Virtue Ethics, which explores its structure as a distinctive action-guiding theory, the relationship between virtue, the emotions and moral motivation, and the place of the virtues within an overall account of human flourishing. Each action that we intentionally perform is aimed at a particular goal. For Kantian ethics deontological theory , there is a link between right action and moral rules, and then between moral rules and rationality. Rather, the theory centralizes the human being as opposed to the person as one who is in possession of the character traits necessary to promote eudaimonia. Like Virtue ethics focuses on the virtuous characteristics of a person, and how these characteristics make a person virtuous.
But she holds that the moral status of the fetus is not the question, it is whether or not a woman chooses to have an abortion is an action a virtuous person would commit. Comment: This paper provides a detailed analysis and critique of Rosalind Hursthouse's argument in 'Virtue Ethics and Abortion'. Problems Faced Both by Virtue Theories and by Kantian Theories a. These virtues obviously have a more critical view of abortion. Now, in a longer philosophical project, for my M. Their philosophies are quite different yet shared many commonalities.
. Hursthouse In this paper I will be comparing and contrasting Thomsons A Defense of Abortion and Hursthouses Virtue Theory and Abortions. I will talk about what the theory is, the background and major sources associated with the theory, the significance of the theory and how it affects the values and beliefs of a good life. Like Thomson, I believe there are circumstances where abortion is permissible. These dispositions to act well are called virtues. On the contrary, a virtue according to virtue theory is a trait that is necessary in order to promote the wellbeing of the human.
I was assuming a particular view of the fetus, mainly, that it is a person. She argues only Familiar Biological Facts matter have sex, pregnant for 9 months, birth, abortion cuts off a like-to-be Even if you have a right to do something, that does not mean it cannot be callous, or of cowardice. Although the mother has a right to her body, the fetus is innocent and should have an equal oppurtunity to life just like the mother has. Women's Rights what are they, how far do they go, etc. Abortion is the killing of a child.
Ancient greeks might then see the anti abortion position based on vices that are counter productive to building a strong character Paging Mr. Hursthouse then vehemently points out that the theory does not involve the identification of a virtuous person of antiquity such as Socrates and then wondering how he or she would act in a given situation. Richard Kraut, Blackwell, 2006, pp. Here is a second consideration, especially relevant since I know Hursthouse has an aversion to dealing in abstract or isolated moral scenarios I am an ex student : any case of pregnancy has its circumstances which a person or two people with certain character constitutions are responsible for. Of course, by the time of Aquinas virtues had become christian virtues of things like faith and love and mercy and charity…etc. Hursthouse then identifies some criticisms of virtue theory which she considers to be ill-founded and that have the effect of obscuring the true ideas of the theory.
The discussion itself should be transplanted—taken out of the realm of the abstract and placed directly into real life situations. Cite this article as: Kornegay, R. One of the more controversial statements made by Aristotle might be that only certain individuals have even the option of being virtuous. An Aristotelian teleological account will surely care about the telos of the living thing in order for us to gauge how we should treat and act toward it. He finds it comprehensive but yet written in simple language which is ready to understand.
This paper is suitable for undergraduate or graduate teaching. However, if we compare the choices of a person who does not have extremely influential financial concerns, and another whose choices are free of these same concerns, it might seem that this other person does possess a certain degree of freedom that the other lacks. The essay then turns to the analysis of late-stage abortions in her paper and argues that it is importantly incomplete. With ancient and modern philosophers beginning their theories with different questions, the theories they develop vary. The introduction to the theory involves an explanation of and then contrast with deontological and utilitarian theories. Hursthouse believes the status of the fetus is irrelevant to virtue theory as it is a very difficult thing to answer.