My piece of advice for your writing is to abstain from delving too much into technicalities. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Systematically explain the meaning of your case study findings and why you believe they are important. Hand searching of journals No electronic literature search can be 100% comprehensive, as the match between search terms and the content of articles will never be perfect. Both of these are important and need to be critically reviewed. Writing it up The task of shaping a logical and effective report of a literature review is undeniably challenging. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.
The following paragraph is another example on the detailed description of using different methods both imaging and diagnostic: Radiographs showed a bulge soft tissue mass in the right lower thigh having predominantly radiolucent density with multiple chondroid matrix of calcification B , but the bone cortex is still intact. State University of West Georgia, Distance Education Center. Were the results effectively interpreted and reported? You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites. Haemobilia — a rare presentation of intrabiliary hydatid disease An unusual case of duodenal beaking Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: a rare anterior mediastinal mass Cystic renal mass in a patient with previous Wilm's tumour Neuroimaging findings in acute ethylene glycol poisoning Can you diagnose this condition on plain radiography? However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
As a general rule, especially for a longer review, each paragraph should address one point, and present and evaluate all of the available evidence, from all possible differing points of view. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. Explain how they are linked and what elements of the case will help to expand knowledge and understanding about the problem. Critical incident case studies must describe the method by which you identified the event and explain the process by which you determined the validity of this case to inform broader perspectives about the research problem or to reveal new findings. You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading.
Be sure to cite any prior studies that helped you determine that the case you chose was appropriate for investigating the research problem. Is the other more influential or giving a proved answer? The subject of analysis can be a rare or critical event or it can focus on a typical or regular event. You need to be ready to cross out whole paragraphs or even whole sections if they do not pass the above tests. In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
Before taking it to the senior manager, you want to study the issue in detail and provide solutions. Evaluating other studies: In a review of the literature, you do not merely summarize the research findings that others have reported. What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. Length: the paper should be as long as it needs to be! Here is a template for the : When writing a case study, it is easy to get off topic. One way of doing this is to examine each paragraph in turn, and to write in the margin a very brief summary of the content, and the type of content e.
After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant. This will be just as important when there is limited existing research in your area, as when there is an abundance. It is worth noting that patient confidentiality must be preserved. The case is best presented in chronological order and in enough detail for the reader to establish his or her own conclusions about the case's validity. However, there are subtle differences you should be aware of. On the other hand, it has been pointed out by others that case reports that are carefully prepared and interpreted with appropriate caution play a valuable role in both the advancement of medical knowledge and the pursuit of education. Each time you refer to a study by restating information or findings, include a citation in parentheses.
Once you have established your structure you need to outline it for your reader. Case study guidelines require students to pay attention to detail, examining issues using different research methods. For example, if your work is about psychological phenomena, then you would want to summarise the particular field of study e. Naturally, there will be times when you can develop the case problem first, but in general, it's a smart practice to wait until you've researched your topic to remain as objective as possible. Highlight any findings that were unexpected or especially profound.
In general, a case study that investigates a place suggests a subject of analysis that is unique or special in some way and that this uniqueness can be used to build new understanding or knowledge about the research problem. Check out whether there is an important reason why the research has not been done, which would make it sensible for you to choose a different focus. The background may include analyses of previous studies on your topic. To do this the person must never generalize, calling things as they should be called and always making the subject as something active, without losing the meaning and in the easiest way to understand. A case can be used when there are few studies that help predict an outcome or that establish a clear understanding about how best to proceed in addressing a problem. Your final section will be references. Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject? You do not have to examine every article ever written on your topic.