If you are discussing the ideas of the author, you always need to make it clear that you are reciting their ideas, not your own. Clarify concepts by asking yourself questions and make notes to make sure you thoroughly grasp the ideas in the article. In addition, Jones points out that most professional runners use Nike and he tells his own story of how he won the 100-meter men's competition after switching to Nike shoes. Human Reproduction, 15 4 , 911-916. Removal of pronuclei from zygotes is a proven valuable technique in embryological studies, however the authors feel that this technique has been not sufficiently studied in humans, because of limited sources of zygotes and political constraints.
As Jones implies in the story about. You don't need to use an author's title Dr. Ask yourself questions about the article. In one sentence, state the research question, followed by a sentence that explains the hypothesis. Sometimes authors use examples to illustrate points. The summary should contain the following elements.
Summarize briefly any statistical results and include a rudimentary interpretation of the data for your summary. It does come with its own set of techniques and challenges, though. Good writing happens in revision. It is common in many 100 and 200 level classes to get assignments that ask you to read a certain number of articles and summarize them. I really only started posting here for my own students and have been amazed at how many people look at my pages each day on writing. Stick to the important points.
The first sentence of the summary should include the author's full name and the title of the article. On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. An article review gives scholars or students the opportunity to analyze and evaluate the work of other experts in a given field. That skill can help in careers such as teaching or marketing, or it can just become a skill that leads to better quality conversations with others. You may also be required to explain how you are going to use that article in your research. It will help you identify the background of the article.
There is a clear format for including the author tags in summaries. Then read portions of the paper, as needed, to clarify for yourself what these elements of the paper mean. I always read the abstract last, because it contains a succinct summary of the entire paper, and I'm concerned about inadvertently becoming biased by the authors' interpretation of the results. Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly? Check with your outline and your original to make sure you have covered the important points. Focus on key concepts and ideas that have been proposed, trying to connect them back to that main idea the authors have put forward in the beginning of the article. Write a first draft of the summary without looking at the article.
For a larger paper, such as your thesis or dissertation, it will be a section that provides you with a short description of what the whole paper is about in just 150 to 250 words in most cases. Write a complete bibliographic citation at the beginning of your summary. Use your notes to help you stay focused on the main argument and always keep your tone objective—avoid using personal pronouns and drawing your own conclusions. No need to meet with anyone to gather more information. This is a college level course, and you are expected to write using appropriate grammar, sentence structure and formatting.
Pretend you will explain the article to a friend, and consider what things you would stress about the article. What points do I include? When you know the answers to these questions, you may start writing your. There is more than one way to write this sort of summary. While the article's thesis statement can help you do it, it can often be difficult to find, and you may find yourself reading through the first few paragraphs before you land on the thesis. The most important thing is to be consistent in the verb tense you use. Look over your paper again, or send it to the for review.
On the forum, read other summaries and respond in an appropriate and meaningful way. See the tables for a selection of different word choices. Take notes as you read and highlight or underline main ideas. Do not copy the content of the entire article. While brief, abstracts need to summarize all essential information from the article. One detail that is particularly telling is whether the researchers worked with humans, primates, mice, other animals, cultured cells, molecules or a computer model.
It is available via Google. You do need to make sure that your summary does not use the same phrases or sentences of the original see my article on paraphrasing correctly: Your summary should use the main idea of the article for your topic. Be sure to restate these ideas in your own words, and to make your summary as short and concise as possible. Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below. Article Summary To summarize a journal article, start by reading the author's abstract, which tells you the main argument of the article. A good research article would usually contain a title, an abstract, an introduction, the methodology, the results, a discussion and some references.