The Age of Reason gave rise to a completely new way of thinking. Paine supported the French revolutionary cause and defended the Enlightenment and the French philosophers. Thus, he contributed to the apparition of the idea of capitalism and free commerce. A theology, known as rational Christianity, emerged. Thomas Paine wrote the influential Common Sense Republicanism gained wide-spread acceptance in America.
Here is a website on Karl Marx:. Voltaire was the theoretician of enlightened despotism. Kidd, God of Liberty: A Religious History of the American Revolution New York: Basic Books, 2010 , 16-9. While the 1689 Act of Toleration granted Protestant dissenters the right of private religious conscience, its actual effectiveness remained ambiguous. The ideas of liberalism, republicanism and conservatism are still in place today in modern times but during the Enlightenment, differed from modern interpretations. These ideas claimed that the people had the right to change their form of government if the existing government failed to perform its responsibilities.
Prior to the revivals, the largest forms of social assembly had been executions. Seeing themselves as actors on the stage of salvation history, revivalists understood themselves to be playing a pivotal role in bringing about the Second Coming of Christ. People wanted to use reason and factual evidence to solve issues and prove topics and theories rather than the common religious beliefs. In fact, some scholars have completely rejected his thesis all together. Cogliano, No King, No Popery: Anti-Catholicism and Revolutionary New England Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995. Other notable thinkers of the era include John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
The Enlightenment period was from 1685 to 1815. He in essence accepted the Enlightenment philosophy and applauded its influence during the French Revolution. At the time, it was controversial to explain the natural world in a way that didn't involve any spiritual force. Enlightenment emphasis on Protestant Christianity caused people to rebel against Catholic authority. Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin Philadelphia: J. We shall take a look at these views and discover what the contemporaries of the French Revolution felt about the Enlightenment.
Freedom in the American Revolution involved freedom from a country that wasn't giving the colonies any real representation in Parliament and the freedom of people to make their own choices. However, they lived far from the tasks of government and from the people who needed a leader. During the 1760 's a lot of events occurred that changed and developed the world. Stout, The New England Soul: Preaching and Religious Culture in Colonial New England Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012 , 199. Many of the deists began to look at science and reason 679 Words 3 Pages The American Revolution was a war for Independence that started in 1775 and ended in 1783.
Practices and mind-sets were changed by the Awakening like never before. During the war in America, allied Frenchmen fought side by side with American soldiers, which, in some cases, meant exchanging values, ideas and philosophies. The causes of the American Revolution have been put down to economic, social and political factors, which have then continued to influence the course and finally the outcome of America's conflict with Britain. Enlightenment philosophy was a major influence. Given that the revivals centered on the transformation of the individual, this self-consciousness and self-focus profoundly affected the social and communal aspects of day-to-day life within colonial America.
So far, it is not perfect, but it is the best alternative of all other forms of government. The Enlightenment rejected the concept of the rule of law. The Enlightenment was crucial in determining almost every aspect of colonial America, most notably in terms of politics, government, and religion. Jonathan Edwards, A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God in the conversion of many hundred souls in Northampton, and the neighbouring towns and villages of New-Hampshire and New-England in a letter to the Rev. The Enlightenment thinkers accepted two forms of government: the monarchy and the republic. Still, the philosophes continued to spread their views, and as the church's political power dwindled over the years, the Enlightenment gained momentum.
The direct cause was oppression and mistreatment of the colonies by Great Britain. The courts of these sumptuous residences were places of refined culture, but they were also the setting for shameful business deals and unhealthy plots. Eighteenth Century Americans thought of religion as something communitarian — a form of social cooperation — rather than a competitive endeavor of individuals that the world of commerce envisioned. Another shared sentiment of the chiefly Protestant nation was a fear of Catholic domination. John Adams was the second U.