It is bounded on all sides by mountains. In the region around to the west, however, the population is predominantly Muslim, most belonging to the branch of Islam. Summer is very short and milder. Rice, corn, wheat, barley, fruits and vegetables are the main crops grown in Kashmir while lumber and the raising of livestock also play a role in its economy. Before the partition in 1947, The English rulers of India took away Gilgit in 1946 from the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir on lease for thirty years so that they could check the advancement of Russia towards India.
Both countries claim Kashmir as a part of their country, and as a result, numerous military actions have occurred, and their on-going disagreements are always in the news. Jammu and Kashmir is home to several Himalayan glaciers. Unlike the rest of the states, which are bound by the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir follows a modified version of that constitution—as in the Constitution Application to Jammu and Kashmir Order, 1954—which affirms the of the state within the Republic of India. The Zankar includes the whole of the eastern region from Spiti and Lahol 32. River Shigar flowing in from the north drains a bordering part of the Drass Valley. Fir accounts for 3355 sq.
Prepared to cater the needs of students of geography and to meet the requirements of domestic and international tourists, the present book is a modest attempt to present the physical personality of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and to explain its socio-cultural and economic milieu. Instrument of Accession have no signature of Sheikh Abdullah. This is the only state which has its own flag. This ended the Hindu and Buddhist rule of the area and in 1339, Shah Mir Swati became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir. Besides it shares with Pakistan in west, Afghanistan in north west symbolic only , China in northeast. The entire region is prone to violent seismic activity, and light to moderate tremors are common.
Across from the Pir Panjal range, the South Asian monsoon is no longer a factor and most precipitation falls in the spring from southwest cloudbands. Grassy meadows in the forest provide fodder for the cattle. One can reach Tibet from Ladakh via Kharudangala pass 5557 metres and Changla pass 5609 metres. The Dudhganga is one more tributary of the Jhelum that runs from Ludurmarg and rises in the middle Pir Panjal next to Tata Kuti Mountain. Chandra In the past the city acted as an entrepôt for the products of the Punjab region on the one hand and of the high plateau region east of the , , and on the other hand. Mountains and their Passes - Mountains have a special geographical importance to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Research on different kinds of forest herbs is carried in the Regional Research Laboratories, one at Jammu and the other at Burzala, Srinagar. The rainfall also varies as the altitude rises. India as we see it today was never like that, it was composed of different territories ruled by local kings and at some period would come under one empire like Ashoka, Chandra Gupta Mauriya etc. During the year 2009-10 incentives of different kinds amounting to Rs. The standard time is 5. The legislature consists of two houses: the Vidhan Sabha , several dozen members elected from single-member constituencies; and the smaller Legislative Council Vidhan Parishad , with most members elected by various groups of politicians, local administrators, and educators and a few appointed by the governor. Next comes the Romushi to the list of tributary of the Jhelum at 75 o East longitude, which flows between Kharmarg and Pakharpur and than routes to north-east.
Snow falls on the mountains which enclose the valley. It flows through Bandipore on the bank of the Wullar Lake at Sonawari. Other major rivers flowing through the state are Indus, Chenab, Ravi and Tawi. In geological terms, it is a young land, formed only a few million years ago by the buckling and folding of the earth's crust as the Indian sub-continent pushed with irresistible force against the immovable mass of Asia. Despite the rainfall by some stray monsoon clouds that cross over to the area, the main source of water remains the winter snowfall.
The area is rocky with an occasional green patch formed by willow and groves. In 1752, Kashmir passed on from the feeble control of the Mughal emperor of the time to Ahmed Shah Abdali of Afghanistan. The great majority of the population resides in the lower reaches of the vale. Its high snow-clad mountains, scenic spots, beautiful valleys, rivers with ice-cold water, attractive lakes and springs and ever-green fields, dense forests and beautiful health resorts, enhance its grandeur and are a source of great attraction for tourists. There is a temple on this peak and many sulphur springs are found at the foot of the hill. The first survey of minerals wealth in the State was made by a renowned geologist. Snowfall often is accompanied by rain and sleet.
The name of Jammu figures in the Mahabharata. This lake is famous for its houseboats. It is 32 kms long and irrigates 6000 acres of land in Kulgam, and Zainapur area. The The the first southernmost mountain rampart associated with the Himalayas in the state and is the westernmost of the. Cultivation in is restricted to such main valleys as those of the , , and Suru rivers, where it consists of small irrigated plots of barley, buckwheat, turnips, and mustard. Walnut wood is suitable for wood carving and Kashmiri artisans are expert wood carvers.
They remain clad with snow throughout the year, but during summer when the snow melts, the water flows down into the Jhelum River. The state has also been administered directly by the central Indian government for brief periods, although one such occurrence lasted for six years 1990—96. But these winds can cross the Pirpanjal range only when they are very strong. During summer, one can enjoy the beauty of nature, trout fishing, big and small game hunting etc. CcK is a barren high altitude desert with an extremely small population. Jhelum River Jhelum River at Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.