We expect this momentum to continue. Clearly, there is something very wrong with the way drugs are screened for safety before being sold. Experiments on rats cannot predict which substances will cause cancer in mice, and vice versa — so how on earth can they predict which will cause cancer in humans? Gigantic fish pulling the limbs from cruel little boys, that might be something you could get him to sign on for. Instead of paying millions of pounds in compensation, they get away with paying thousands. Sometimes those who seek to outlaw use of animals in research argue that testing new treatments should be done on humans, not animals. We want to win their support and work with them to create an international agreement to end animal testing in cosmetics across the globe. This involves the writer highlighting the main ideas of the essay and connecting them to the thesis statement.
Some may say, why don't we avoid experimentation on live specimens all together - to them I say, modern medicine is not magic to work without errors - and hard and cruel as it may sound, a live animal specimen is expendable, but not a live human being. Already, ToxCast scientists have made such a predictive model for liver toxicity: It forecast accurately tumor formation in rats and mice that had been exposed for two years to certain chemicals. Every year pharmaceutical companies invent hundreds of new drugs and diseases to diagnose people with and then push the drugs onto regular citizens who may not in fact need them after all, so why should they need to test on more and more animals so that they can put out more drugs? It is up to us and all individuals belonging to animal organizations and medical research to work hand in hand, and prevent this injustice from happening. The tests have to be continued in order to detect information on major health problems such as liver damage, elevated blood pressure, nerve damage, damage to the fetus, etc. This drug was declared safe in stopping or controlling diarrhea in 1970s in Japan. Chloramphenicol This antibiotic caused life threatening anaemia in humans. Animal experimenters often justify such research by claiming the existence in humans of some morally relevant characteristics, such as intelligence, language, or consciousness, that are supposedly absent in other species.
To know that the results are profitable to the race would not remove my hostility to it. Since then, animal testing is seen to be the most efficient way to developing new drugs and products, policy makers are yet to be convinced that using animal for testing causes serious harm more to animals. Nor do they imagine rows of rabbits in full-body restraints vainly attempting to save themselves from the industrial solvents that researchers swab into their eyes. It is believed that these regulations will ensure that research is carried out in a humane and ethical manner. Like an empty beer can. This is why it is considered a good topic for argumentative essays.
For example, rats, the species most commonly used in vivisection 1 , have no gall bladder and excrete bile very effectively. Modern medical simulators provide a superior way to learn surgical skills that are specific to human anatomy and physiology. I was like a computer without a keyboard, a bird without wings. What is an animal testing essay? Many teachers and researchers agree with this point of view. The Declaration of Helsinki, adopted in 1964 by the 18th World Medical Assembly and revised in 1975, also states that medical research on human subjects 'should be based on adequately performed laboratory and animal experimentation.
Animal models can interact and react to stimuli, giving researchers a picture of a compound moving through a living system and an idea of how that stimuli might react in a human being. Yet, such experiments belittle the complexity of human conditions which are affected by wide-ranging variables such as genetics, socio-economic factors, deeply-rooted psychological issues and different personal experiences. If the tests are successful, further tests are done on monkeys before using human beings. For years, population studies have shown that arsenic in drinking water causes cancer in humans. The public has long been sold the idea that cures for human disease will be found via animals. Failures of animal experiments have led to human harm.
As any other field, we have people, groups, and nations that support the argument for animal testing and those that are against the concept of animal testing. Consequently, humans well being is the primary reason hence animals concern come in as secondary priority. We should ensure that animal testing is carried out in a safe, ethical manner causing as little pain and discomfort to the animal as possible. You may say, that's not fair - and indeed, it is in no way fair, but that's the reality. Taking a healthy being from a completely different species, artificially inducing a condition that he or she would never normally contract, keeping him or her in an unnatural and distressful environment, and trying to apply the results to naturally occurring diseases in human beings is dubious at best. Drug failures and research that never delivers because of irrelevant animal models not only delay medical progress, but also waste resources and risk the health and safety of volunteers in clinical trials.
When the majority of scientists see the work as scientifically justified, and so do the many professional medical and scientific organizations, the expert views cannot be simply dismissed based on wild claims of ulterior motives, self-interest and conspiracy theories. The drugs can only be tested on humans after undergoing a series of tests on animals. In the late 1970s, huge doses of saccharin caused bladder cancer in rats, and the sugar industry had a field day. We tolerate cruelties inflicted on members of other species that would outrage us if performed on members of our own species. Animal testing has therefore been used to give very reliable and substantial scientific information in the last century.
Indeed, drugs that work in animals are not an assurance that they will work in humans. Animal testing is used in education and applied in biomedical research. Floxin This antibiotic progressed through animal testing, only to cause seizures and psychosis when used by humans. It is prudent to study examples on our website which are undoubtedly very informative before writing your paper when tasked to write an argumentative essay. This also ensures proper grooming for essay writing. Around 8 percent of birds become infected with salmonella down from several years ago, when at least one in four birds was infected, which still occurs on some farms. The development of cutting-edge non-animal methodologies that can accurately predict what happens in human beings involves exciting, progressive and effective science.