Moiety Exogamy: For example, the Korkus of Madhya Pradesh have moieties namely Raj and Pallari which are exogamous. When a person marries outside a specific social group of which he is a member, it is exogamy. As the name implies, an incest taboo prohibits sexual intercourse or marriage between different categories of kin. Selecting a Wedding Date The boy's parents selected a wedding date through the art of divination and solicited agreement of the girl's parents. Lesson Summary Across the globe, there are three main rules that govern marriage.
The marriage of Abhimanyu with Sashikala is an example of this cross-cousin type of marriage. They consider a clan as a kin group whose members are brothers and sisters. That means, early human populations practiced exogamy in order to live at peace with them and exogamy continued as a custom since those early times. Ancient Hindu law giver Manu denounced Pratiloma is still it practice among the people. Endogamy: It is a rule of marriage in which the life-partners are to be selected within the group.
They claim that endogamy helps minorities survive over a long time in societies with other practices and beliefs. Number of Spouses Permitted How many spouses an individual is allowed to have varies from culture to culture. Westermarck has provided yet another interpretation for exogamy through an anecdote. The opposite of exogamy is. Where the society is stratified on class lines, a member would marry within his own class.
Both of these types of rules operate at the same time. In his classic cross-cultural study, Social Structure 1949 , G. At the same time, inter-tribal marriages created affinal links that tribal marriages created affinal links that made trade easier between these groups. Endogamy is divided into four sub types such as caste, sub-caste, varna and tribal endogamy. In Incest and Agency in Elizabeth's England Maureen Quilligan builds on recent feminist anthropological studies and historical analyses of the empowerment of women through kinship structures in England to explore the interest early modern literature especially by women writers takes in incest as a means of portraying aristocratic endogamous marriage and the ways some women might be freed from the patriarchal traffic in women. This type of marriage supposed to be practised in some part of Orissa, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra etc.
According to the rules of exogamy one is not allowed to marry within the lineage and descent group. This is also an example of the incest taboo. Economic and political cause was mainly responsible for polygamy. It keeps the family farm in one piece. Prohibitions from Leviticus Patrilineally related men are indicated in blue As the above diagram indicates, restrictions on marriage within the family were extended primarily to nuclear family members.
Among the Yanomamö Indians of Brazil and Venezuela, the cultural preference is to unite different patrilineal lineages by exchanges of women. However, it places an increased domestic work load on her. So education increases the likelihood of marriage for both African American men and women. Several and groups are traditionally more endogamous, although sometimes with the added dimension of requiring. In all the cultures and societies marriage is not entirely of free choice because the institution of marriage is socially derived and socially sanctioned. This type of marriage is mostly found among Muslims.
However, there are several types of marriage which is classified on different basis. An excellent example of exogamy, cited by the work of Carol and Melvin Ember, is the Rani Khera village of India, in which women from both far and near villages travel to Rani Khera to marry its men. However, he achieves a higher social status by having more wives. These biblical prohibitions have of course had an influence on Western marriage customs and legislation. It allows a man to marry more than one woman or a woman to marry more than one man at a time. Endogamy: In endogamy a member is required to marry within his own group.
Members of each caste marry within its own caste group. E Anuloma or Pratiloma: Sociologist have classified marriage into Anuloma or Pratiloma. Similarly exogamous marriage may be divided into four sub-types such as Gotra, Pravar, Sapinda and village exogamy. In the Indian context, the caste is defined as an endogamous group just as the Gonds are a tribe. Consanguineous Marriage As the first marriage taboo in Chinese history, consanguineous marriage emerged during the middle Neolithic Age, which banned a parent-offspring marriage but allowed the marriage of people of the same generation such as the brother and sister of a family.
However, occasional female infanticide resulting from the high priority placed on having a male child very likely will make polyandry a practical solution for the near future. In fact other marriage provisions within the Old Testament favor levirate marriage to a brother's widow, thus lifting the affinal ban subsequent to a brother's death. On becoming widows, they are thought to rapidly go through menopause making them less desirable as potential wives for most men. Toldson of Howard University and Bryant Marks of Morehouse College question the accuracy of this finding. This is a sound marriage system which leads to the creation of healthy and intelligent children.
Article shared by Exogamy is a general rule of marriage. Some societies put several restrictions on marriage among kins whereas some other societies allows marriage between a limited number of kins. Joseph Adebayo Awoyemi 14 September 2014. No doubt, endogamous marriage strength the unity within the group but at long run is harmful to national integration. Further information: and Endogamy can serve as a form of ; a community can use it to resist integrating and completely merging with surrounding populations.