He became co-ruler of Russia at the age of 10 in 1682 but it was only after the death of his half-brother Ivan V in 1696 that he gained complete control of the Tsardom of Russia and initiated his military campaigns and internal reforms which would expand Russia into a larger empire and make it into one of the leading powers in Europe. He first built a navy on rivers using Dutch shipmasters from Amsterdam. The Death of Peter the Great In his old age, Peter began to suffer from bladder and urinary tract problems. Yet there were incidents that his merciful side came through as well. Standing at 6 ft 8 203 cm in height, the Russian tsar was literally head and shoulders above his contemporaries both in Russia and throughout Europe. Even in his own account books, which he kept very carefully about how much money he spent.
Their activities were controlled, on the one hand, by the General Regulation and, on the other, by particular regulations for individual colleges, and indeed there were strict regulations for every branch of the state administration. The marriage, politically arranged by Peter's aunt, was a disaster from the start. As tsar, Peter reformed the military, the calendar, the Russian Orthodox Church, and the civil service system Table of Ranks. When he returns, his father orders him tortured. Those paying the tax were given a token, silver for nobility and copper for commoners. In the minds of many, the word emperor connoted superiority or pre-eminence over kings. Mathematics, fortification, and navigation were the sciences that appealed most strongly to Peter.
Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by introducing French and to his court and requiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles. Empress Elizabeth arranged for Peter to marry his second cousin, Sophia Augusta Frederica later , daughter of and Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp. He became friends with some European soldiers who taught him Western military strategies. These revolts were cruelly put down. Peter nevertheless acted ruthlessly towards the mutineers. He was handsome and of unusual physical strength.
The whole thing — the presentation in the press is absolutely hypocritical and just bizarre. He sought to acquire control of the Baltic Sea, which had been taken by the a half-century earlier. Instead he just went and rented a private house and fell asleep almost immediately. This dramatically shifted the in Europe, suddenly handing the delighted Frederick the initiative. He also had a mistress from Germany,. In 1703, on the banks of the , where it flows into the , Peter began construction of the city of and established it as the new capital of Russia in 1712. In an attempt to foster his interest, he was sent away to Kolomenskoe where he learned military strategy.
In 1717 in Paris, Lindsey Hughes reports, he went to a private house instead of the Louvre palace. So, the rise and fall of empires is obviously a theme of this course. But recent scholarship points to Catherine as the mastermind of a conspiracy to rid herself of her husband because she thought he was going to divorce her. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger that became a major European power and also laid the groundwork for the after capturing ports at and the. Peter, meanwhile continuing his military and nautical amusements, sailed the first seaworthy ships to be built in Russia. Karl was cruelly raised by his mentors and punished for being a poor student.
After crossing into Russia, Charles defeated Peter at in July. I remember when I was a student of one of the biggest classes at the University of Michigan — go blue! He was at his office before anybody else was. Sheremetev investigated the possibility of future joint ventures with the Knights, including action against the Turks and the possibility of a future Russian naval base. But Hermitage was a wine that was known by connoisseurs in the seventeenth and eighteenth century, and ever since then. The reform of the urban administration was particularly significant. This gave them access to the Black Sea. However, Feodor was chronically ill and died after less than ten years on the throne.
Hundreds of the streltsy were executed, the rest of the rebels were exiled to distant towns, and the corps of the streltsy was disbanded. The Northern War also established Russia as a dominant power in Europe. The material position of the landed nobility was strengthened considerably under Peter. Diarists mention his penchant for cruelty bordering on sadism allegedly, one of his past times was torturing his servants , barbaric gross behavior, drunkenness, debauchery and excesses of all sorts. In an emergency operation, the blockage was cleared and some four pounds of urine were removed but Peter never truly recovered.
The Russian empire continues, though it continues under a very different way with what became the Soviet empire. Thanks to the reforms, the economic activity and the population of the towns increased. The Table of Ranks continued to remain in effect until the Russian monarchy was. As a boy, he was very smart and he was very interested in science. He worked many occupations, including dentistry. There is this legend that he used to grab these huge chunks of meat and started gnawing on them like he would on a hotdog or something like that at a Yankee game, except that other people were already dressed up and the meat and the gravy was flying over them as he just sort of walked around gnawing on this stuff.
One thing that he always did when he went on his grand tour is he always took fake names, as if he was signing into a hotel as Mr. Many of his reforms were reverted by Catherine. In 1724, Peter had his second wife, Catherine, crowned as Empress. Consequently, the a council of Russian nobles chose the 10-year-old Peter to become Tsar with his mother as. The battle was a decisive defeat for the Swedish forces, ending Charles' campaign in Ukraine and forcing him south to seek refuge in the Ottoman Empire. He was so much bigger than everybody else, so people really were not taken aback, because this was a time when physical imperfections were commonplace.