They are sharply contrasting yet strikingly similar, setting the stage for the Peloponnesian War. It developed the military by paying people from other places and always wanted to take over the whole country by force. Which state would you have rather lived in, Athens or Sparta? All follow-up questions are multiple-choice. However, Athenian democracy cannot really be called a true democracy since there were several flaws in the government and the way in which it functioned. Athenian women, like most of the women in other Greek city-states, were considered to be useful only for child-bearing and domestic jobs. Athens under Pericles : Starts: 1. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook.
Also, Sparta needed a strong military in order to control its captured subjects. Finally, the citizen boys entered a military training camp for two years, until the age of twenty. How do different states and regions in the U. These two rivals were at the forefront of pretty much everything that happened in Greece and the surrounding regions. The length of time spent writing the essay depends upon the level of the students. Other Exercise 2: After reading the information about Sparta and Athens, and looking at the chart above, tell students they should be prepared to tell in which city-state they would rather live and why.
In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. By trying to destroy any aspect of economy the Spartans also got rid of trade. However, students should be able to analyze the advantages and disadvantages from the differing social roles. The Growth of Athens and Sparta What is a city-state? Procedures Review : Ask the students to name the two major peninsulas of Greece. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies.
Slaves were lowest class, but less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. They seem very similar at a first glance, but, when digging deep into the pages of history; we see that this couldn't be more to the contrary. After a long period of decline under the rule of the , Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. The Athenians work towards making good relationships with one another and coming together as a city through interdependence. Definition: Serving as part of a whole; component. The Messenians were upset over their loss of independence and revolted, almost wiping out Sparta altogether, but they failed to free themselves of Spartan rule.
Force is the first law. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. Athenian women had to stay at home and had no rights. Sparta and Athens, the two most important Greek city states, were different in government, society and daily life. Athens took its name from the , the goddess of. Exercise One: students will be assessed as to the completion of the blank chart according to correct answers as presented in the filled-in chart and various Web page links.
Students should be able to compare the two city-states and identify similarities and differences orally in class discussion and optionally in a short composition. Sparta, while still having many more freedoms for women than Athens, also considered women to be only useful for childbearing. There is no historical account that this is the way it really happened. Athens had a Council of 500 which had 50 members randomly selected from 10 districts who decided on laws proposed by the Assembly; it was democratic. Ancient Greece brought to light the concept of democracy and ideas in the field of science and art. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece.
Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were. Spartans were considered the braver of the two while people of Athens were known as more educated among them. Context: Soldiers serving in the Special Forces are taught how to live on a Spartan diet. Foreign metics and slaves were not expected to attain anything but a basic education in Greece, but were not excluded from it either. Both Sparta and Athens had a Council and an Assembly.
This was a miserable life, work was long and the amount of food inadequate. Grade level: 6-8 Subject area: Civics Standard: Understands the essential characteristics of limited and unlimited governments. Athens and Sparta are two such cities, which were competitors even though they were very near to each other. While the Athenian people spent a considerable amount of their time studying literature, art, and music, Spartans were training to be soldiers. They acted as judges and proposed laws to the citizens' assembly. As I recall, when I saw the movie several months ago it's not available for reviewing again from Blockbuster until July 31, 2007 , the most significant event before the great battle was the visit of the Persian diplomats to King Leonidas offering him and his family great wealth and position with no one getting killed in a needless war, if he would only submit to Xerxes as ruler of a new Persian-Grecian Empire.