After the wagons had moved on, Higbee ordered the emigrant men to begin walking in single file. A woman and a few seriously injured emigrant men were loaded into a second wagon. A wagon with the injured emigrants followed. She appears to have an objective point of view. Yet there is debate on whether these miners and plainsmen stayed with the slow-moving Baker-Fancher party after leaving Salt Lake City, or actually existed.
Today, Mormonism has gone mainstream and Mormons seem to be just one more strand among many in the nation's religious fabric. Klingensmith escaped prosecution by agreeing to testify. The once friendly Mormons, usually eager to trade agricultural commodities for manufactured goods, were now hostile and reluctant to trade. The town marshal tried to arrest some of the emigrants on charges of public intoxication and blasphemy but was forced to back down. Cedar City was the last place on the route to California for grinding grain and buying supplies, but here again the emigrants were stymied. We can probably guess that most if not all the threats and statements made were untrue, or just made in anger in an effort to scare and hurt each other.
A witness of white involvement had now shared the news within the emigrant corral. In Cedar City, the teachings of church leaders were particularly strident. Answer -- No, not that I know of. On August 4, 1857, Young notified that he was appointed President of the Santa Clara Indian Mission and instructed him to continue a concilitory policy towards the Indians. The emigrant women and children walked after the two wagons, and the emigrant men walked after the woman. I am a true believer in the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Answer -- To the best of my recollection there was no United States Judge here in the latter part of 1857. In the summer of 1857, however, Mormons experienced a wave of war hysteria, expecting an all-out invasion of significance. See Letter from Mary L. The key to a possible successful prosecution finally came in 1874. The groups were mostly from Marion; Crawford; Carroll; and Johnson counties in Arkansas, and had assembled into a wagon train at Beller's Stand, south of Harrison, to emigrate to southern California. The Mormons considered the emigrants of an because of Young's orders forbidding travel through Utah without a required pass — which the Baker—Fancher party did not have. Answer -- To the first interrogatory, he saith: I am in my seventy-fifth year.
The best prospects for conviction seemed to rest with Lee, so the decision was made to proceed first with his trial. An agreement with Young had to be struck. In addition to Parowan, the tour included visits to and Santa Clara, and the groups stopped at Mountain Meadows to eat dinner on August 20 see with a group of missionaries who lived there see , p. Past Religious Persecution Lastly, past religious persecution of the Mormons created enormous tension between the emigrants and the Latter-day Saint settlers. For example, according to John D.
Apparently, many people on both sides died in the initial conflict. On 23 July 1988 a bipartisan meeting was held at the siege site to discuss the possibility of erecting a more adequate memorial to those who lost their lives. As is true with any historical episode, comprehending the events of September 11, 1857, requires understanding the conditions of the time, only a brief summary of which can be shared in the few pages of this article. Every man present was sworn never to tell a soul. Also traveling north with the Smith party were several Native chiefs from southern Utah Territory On August 25, 1857, Smith's group camped next to the Baker-Fancher party, headed the opposite direction, at Corn Creek now. Dame, February 20, 1854, in Harold W. The men agreed on one thing, however: Mormon participation in the massacre had to be kept secret.
In 1872, Mark Twain commented on the massacre through the lens of contemporary American public opinion in an appendix to his semi-autobiographical travel book. The attacks culminated on September 11, 1857, with the mass slaughter of most in the emigrant party by members of the from the Iron County district, together with some Native Americans. On Friday, September 11, 1857, two militiamen approached the Baker—Fancher party wagons with a white flag and were soon followed by Native American agent and militia officer. The Baker—Fancher party chose to leave Salt Lake City and take the Old Spanish Trail, which passed through southern Utah. Shirts, Retrieved March 9, 2009.
The story began long before the killing of 120 innocent Arkansan men, women, and children. These areas fell under the jurisdiction of Fort Harmony militia major John D. Answer-- As usual, emigrants' trains were passing through our Territory for the west. In Memory Of The Known Victims of the 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre. These efforts have had the support of President Gordon B. Eighteen months after the massacre, prompted by relatives in Arkansas demanding an investigation, an army payroll escort passed through the area and reinterred the remains of the victims that could be found and erected stone cairns over the mass graves--at least two at the massacre site and one at the siege site.
The Indian chiefs were reportedly reluctant. You must not meddle with them. All borders were to be sealed to further travel through Utah by emigrants. At the same time, Mormon surveyor and Indian agent John D. In April 1857 a California-bound wagon train estimated at 40 wagons, 120 to 150 men, women, and children, and as many as 900 head of beef cattle, in addition to draft and riding animals, assembled near the Crooked Creek, approximately four miles south of present-day Harrison, Arkansas. The Utah War Wikimedia Commons Brigham Young, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as drawn in 1879 by George A.
Lee, and on various Native Americans. The settlers were separated into three groups of men, women, and children. Answer -- Yes, counsel and advice were given to the citizens not to sell grain to the emigrants to feed their stock, but to let them have sufficient for themselves if they were out. Contact Dianna Gencarelli Wood Family at. The most troubling aspect of the Reformation was its obsession with the doctrine of blood atonement. Approximately 140 people were slaughtered; only 17 children under the age of eight were spared. They said that they had negotiated a truce and persuaded the natives to let them escort them to safety in Cedar City.